The Crusades were a series of conflicts between European knights, Holy Orders, and others against the Islamic kingdoms in Arabia, the Levant, and North Africa as both a reaction to Islamic expansion in the centuries prior and as an attempt to unify the Eastern Roman Empire and Western Europe against a common enemy. The conquest of Jerusalem was the primary goal of the Crusades, but many violent campaigns across Anatolia and the Levant took place. Only the first 3 Crusades made much progress, the 4th weakening the Eastern Roman Empire so badly that they would never recover, and every subsequent one being weaker and weaker.
Pages in category "The Crusades"
The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total.